Summary: Interventions In Organisations

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Read the summary and the most important questions on Interventions in organisations

  • 1 Week 1 - Introduction

  • The main idea of this course is that structure related problems in the organization occur and that solving these problems require fundamental change in which an episodic intervention is needed. How does this fit in the OD&D curriculum?

    The design and development of the (infra)structure as condition to realize societal contribution.
  • 1.1 Lecture notes

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  • Why do most episodic interventions fail?

    Because they often do not take into account the social dimension and sometimes the functional dimension.
  • 1.2 Book chapter 1 - Introduction

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  • What is the function of the 3D model?

    It helps to understand and flexibly design episodic interventions in organizational structures.
  • What is meant by societal contribution and how can an organization contribute to society? What is rich meaningful survival?

    With societal contribution we refer to an organization's role in society. 

    Organizations can contribute to the society by:
    1. Delivering societally valuable products 
    2. By means of non-products related to positive side-effects, e.g. Well-being and employment
    3. By making sure that the negative side-effects are minimized. 

    Rich meaningful survival is the positive societal contribution of an organization.
  • What is meant by a set of interlocking interactions?

    This means that organizational members interact with each other and thereby realize the organization's contribution. This also means that an organization is an evolving set of these interactions.
  • The interactions on which the social system is based, deliver a certain societal contribution as said. These interactions are influenced by a set of factors, called interaction premises. What are interaction premises and what are these factors?

    Interaction premises are the conditions that need to be smoothly aligned with interactions to achieve societal contribution. 
    These factors are:
    1. Goals; the interactions relate to these organizations goals.
    2. Infrastructure; the way tasks are defined and related to each other in the organization.
    3. Basic assumptions; the taken-for-granted norms and values, basic beliefs that determine how we see the world and how we think what we need to do. This guides our behavior, and therefore the way we interact.
  • Basic assumptions grows, shapes and guides interaction. What are basic assumptions (culture)?

    Basic assumptions are the culture of an organization. 

    These.are the shared, implicit set of values, norms and basic assumptions that guide behavior. Note that culture is more or less a broader definition than basic assumptions, of which BA's are a part. (EIGEN INVULLING).
  • What is the difference between development and change? And how are (organizational) development structural development defined?

    Development is about changing something to improve, and change is about changing something not necessarily related to improvement.

    Organizational development considers the intended, continuous improvement of interaction premises. 

    Structural development is defined as intended, continuous improvement of the structure.
  • When are Episodic Interventions needed?

    Episodic interventions are needed when organizations cannot do structural development themselves, because a) the change is too large, or b) the structure is self-inhibiting.
  • What are the consequences of self-inhibiting structures on employee well-being?

    The consequences are:
    1. Alienation; don't see the end product
    2. Stress; can't deal with errors; need to finish targets
    3. Demotivation (degrading jobs)

    The lack of control, alienation and lack of development cause loss of professional identity.

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