Summary: Aba Therapy

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  • 1 Introduction to Skill Repertoire Building

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  • Skill Repertoire Building

    The teaching and learning of new skills in order to strengthen and expand an individual's skill repertoire.
  • Skill repertoire: Areas of skill include:

    1) Language skills
    2) Adaptive skills
    3) Social skills
    4) Play and leisure skills
    5) Motor skills
    6) Academic skills
    7) Perspective skills
    8) Executive function skills
  • In what way do ABA programs need to be individualized?

    ABA programs need to be individualized for each learner according to their strengths and weaknesses, preferences and motivations, and learning style.
  • How can individuals truly benefit from ABA interventions in order to access meaningful behavior change and learning?

    Appropriate skill repertoire targets, as well as appropriate behavior reduction procedures must be established.
  • Why is it important to know the individual needs of the learner?

    In order to tailor the ABA program so that it addresses the skills that are relevant to that particular learner.
  • 5 The Discrete Trial - The Antecedent

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  • 5.1 The Discrete Trial - The Response

  • What are the 4 classifications of responses within a discrete trial according to how the response relates to the SD?

    1) Correct (an appropriate response relevant to the SD/EO without assistance)
    2) Prompted (an appropriate response relevant to the SD/EO with assistance)
    3) Incorrect (responding with any other behavior that is not appropriate or relevant to the SD/EO)
    4) No response (providing no response to the SD/EO)   
  • What are some guidelines for recording the response?

    1) Be consistent about what is required for a correct response (avoid confusion for the learner).
    2) Be sure that extraneous behaviors are absent while the learner responds (avoids confusion for the learner and inadvertently reinforcing any challenging behaviors). 
    3) Limit the time between the SD and the response, typically 3-5 seconds (this improves fluency in responding as well as keep good pace between trails and maintains focus).  
  • When should responding be consistent and when should variations in responding be encouraged?

    Responses should be consistent when first learning a particular skill, and variations in responding should be encouraged when the skill is mastered.
  • 5.2 The Discrete Trial - The Consequence

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  • What are two primary consequences used in Discrete Trial Teaching?

    1) Reinforcement
    2) Error Correction
  • What is perhaps the most important part of the 3 term contingency and why?

    The consequence. According to the core principle of ABA, it is the consequence which determines if the behavior will increase or decrease over time.

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