Country and peolple - The Four Nations

15 important questions on Country and peolple - The Four Nations

What is the situation like today concerning political and cultural differences?

Differences have become blurred and there is one government for the whole of Britain, but the four parts still feel strong about their identity and some aspects of government are organised separately.

Which flags together constitute the Union Jack?

Flag of England (St. George’s Cross), Scotland (St. Andrew’s Cross) and Ireland (St. Patrick’s Cross).

Of Which countries does the UK consist and when was it established?

It consists of:

  • England
  • Scotland
  • Wales
  • Ireland 

    It was established in 1800. From 1922 most of Ireland became a seperate state, thus only Northern Ireland now belongs to The UK
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What cultures and languages were dominant in the old days?

Celtic culture in Ireland, Wales and Highland Scotland and Celtic language. Germanic Culture and dialect in England and Lowland Scotland.

Which other names does Ireland have?

Erin or The Emerald Isle (because of its lush green countryside)

Who was John Bull?

A typical eighteenth century country gentle man who personifies Englishness and English virtues. (He can be compared to Uncle Sam in the USA)

Which symbols identify the four nations?

St George's cross for England; Dragon of Cadwallader for Wales; St Andrew's Cross for Scotland and St Patric's Cross for Ireland.

What are the Roman names for Scotland, Wales and Ireland?

Caledonia, Cambria and Hibernia

In what year did most of Ireland become a separate state?


Why is it not correct to refer to Britain by England?

England is only one of the four nations in this part of the world. The others are Scotland, Wales and Ireland.

Explain the political unification between the four nations.

It was completed in 1800 when the Irish parliament was joined with the Parliament for England, Scotland and Wales, so that the whole area became a single state: UK of Great Britain and Ireland. However, in 1922, most of Ireland became a separate state. 

Explain the cultural and lifestyle differences in the past between the four nations.

Ireland, Wales and Highland Scotland:Celtic.
England and Lowland Scotland: Germanic. 
This difference was reflected in the languages they spoke.

They also had different economic, social and legal systems, and they were independent of each other.

Is there still a difference between the four nations?

Yes, although there is one government for the whole of Britain, many aspects of government are organized separately. 

Moreover, Welsh, Scottish and Irish people feel their identity strongly and therefore they have separate teams in many kinds of international sport.

Give the Patron Saints with the associated Saint's days. 

England: St. George - 23 April   Scotland: St. Andrew - 30 November
Wales: St. David - 1 March     Ireland: St. Patrick - 17 March

Give the names of the flags of the four nations with the associated plants.

Ireland: St. Patrick's Cross - Shamrock  Scotland: St. Andrew's Cross - Thistle

Wales: St. David's Cross - Leek/daffodil   England: St. George's Cross - Rose

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