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Summary: Dark-Side Perspective

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  • 1 Dark side perspective

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  • What is the mutual gains perspective?

    Both employees and the employer benefit from HR practices (win-win situation)
  • What is the dark-side (conflicting) outcomes perspective?

    HR practices that maximise organisational performance do so at the expense of individual employees (win-lose situation)
  • What does the labour process theory of SHRM include?

    The adoption of HR practices and HPWS practices in particular, leads to increased work effort, higher output expectations, and higher quality and quantity expectations. As a consequence, employees experience higher stress levels as they are put under high pressure at work.
  • With what elements of wellbeing are linked to mutual gains perspective?

    A positive association between HRM and happiness and relationship well-being is found
  • What is in line with the conflicting outcome perspective regarding well-being

    Health well-being, as most empirical studies show a negative association between HRM and employee health. So enhanced organisational performance is not achieved at the costs of reduced employee health.
  • According to the lecture which two theories are linked to the critical perspective?

    Labour process theory and work intensification theory
  • According to the lecture what is meant with labour process theory?

    That there exists a fundamental conflict between the interests of owners and those of employees. HRM practices that maximise shareholders gains do so at the expense of employees
  • According to the lecture what is meant with work intensification theory?

    Managers are driven to constantly find ways to make employees work longer and harder as the means to maximise labour input. Employees in HPWS practices suffer higher stress levels than another workers. (So HPWS benefits may not always be positive
  • According to the lecture HR practices can be differentiated based on how they contribute to optimising and/or satisficing these outcomes financially and on well-being. Name these three..

    Hygiene HR practices, basic HR process-related practices, HR practices linked to the organisational goals
  • What are the effects of job demands and what is hereby activated? (according to the lecture)

    When a continuous feeling of high demands is experiences an energy depletion process is activated which enhances the level of negative wellbeing
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