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Summary: Genetics A Conceptual Approach | 9781464150944 | Benjamin A Pierce

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  • 1 Introduction to Genetics

  • 1.1 Genetics is Important to us Individually, to Society, and to the Study of Biology

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  • How have humans participated in genetics in the distant past?

    Through plant and animal domestication
  • What role does genetics play in biology?

    It creates a unifying key principle that says that all organisms use genetic systems that have common features
  • How much DNA is estimated to be in the biosphere?

    5.3 x 10^31 megabase pairs
  • What are the three major subdisciplines in genetics?

    Transmission genetics
    Molecular genetics
    Population genetics
  • What does transmission genetics focus on?

    Classical Mendellian genetics including heredidy and arrangement of genes on chromosomes
  • What does Molecular Genetics focus on?

    The chemical structure, organization and function of genes
  • What are model genetic organismsm?

    Organisms that serve as models for the genetic systems of humans
  • 1.2 Humans have been using Genetic Techniques for Thousands of Years

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  • How long have humans been domesticating plants and animals?

    10,000 - 12,000 years
  • What are the four ancient theories of inheritance that were covered in chapter 1?

    Pangenesis
    Inheritance of Aquired Characteristics
    Preformationism
    Blending Inheritance
  • What was the idea behind pangenesis?

    Every body part has its on genetic info, which is carried to the reproductive organs in structures called Gemmules
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