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Summary: Preventieve

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Read the summary and the most important questions on Preventieve

  • 1 Theorie 1: Intro to hygiene

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  • Since when has oral health been practiced?From where comes the earliest evidence of oral care? What where their believing at that time about how caries was caused? 

    Since the Neolithic period (new stone age era - 7000 BC)

    earliest evidence of oral care comes from a prehistoric farming village, Mahrgarh, Indus Valley (Pakistan) 


    Caries were believed to be caused by a "tooth worm"
  • 1.1 Ancient oral health to modern day

  • What is the relationship between ancient (Egyptians, Greeks, Chinese, Etruscans (central Italy), France) and oral health?

    Ancient Egyptians 
    • practiced oral prevention by creating a paste from dead mice and applying it to the affected area 


    Ancient Greeks
    • hippocrates and Aristotle wrote about dentistry 
    • invented pliers to extract teeth 


    Ancient Chinese 
    • practiced acupuncture to treat tooth pain 
    • invented the first toothbrush in late 1400s 


    Etruscans (central italy) 
    • among the first know "dentists" who attempted to carve false teeth from mammals 


    France 
    • pierre fauchard accredited with being the "father of modern dentistry" - in 1723 he discovers that acids from sugar led to tooth decay 
  • 1.3 Health / Oral health

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  • How can health be defined? Why is how we define health important? 

    Health can be defined in many different ways
    → different people will have different views of what health is 


    The way in which we look at health will influence the attention we will give to investing in it
  • How is health defined by WHO? Are there limitations to this definition? 

    " a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and niet merely to absence of disease or infirmity" 


    Words matter- th use of the word "complete" is unrealistic and cannot be achieved 
  • 1.4 Link between oral health and overall health

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  • How is oral health defined by WHO?

    Oral health is the state of the mouth, teeth and orofacial structures that enables individuals to perform essential functions such as eating, breathing and speaking, and encompasses psychosocial dimensions such as self-confidence, well-being and the ability to socialize and work without pain, discomfort and embarrassment. Oral health vries over the life course from early life to old age, is intergral to general health and support individuals in participating in society and achieving their potential
  • 1.5 Identify and understand role of WHO

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  • Who are the WHO?Who established who? 

    WHO is the United Nations agency that connects nations, partners and people to promote health, keep the world safe and serve the vulnerable - so everyone, everywhere can action the highest level of health


    a group of diplomats after the www 2
  • 1.6 The different structural levels within healthcare

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  • What is healthcare? Which factors play a role for the population in accessing health care? 

    Is the improvement or maintenance of health by preventing, diagnosing, treating and curing the ailments whether they are physical or mental. 
    Healthcare is an institution, a service system an intervention


    • Economic 
    • Social settings based on the countries or communities they belong to 
    • Health policies 
    • Individual situations 
  • Why is worldwide healthcare paramount? In which structure is the healthcare system based on? 

    Because it has an effect on the general well being, mental and physical health of humans at large 


    Base on: 
    • Micro → the patient 
    • Meso → the organization (staff within organizations) 
    • Macro → the system level (health systems) 
  • What does the micro perspective person-focused care consider?

    • The individual 
    • Patient and community 
    • Clinical integration 
    • Interprofessional practice 
      • the way we deliver care 
    • Proces of care 
    • Relationships with patients 
    • Roles - guides the patient 
    • Task descriptions 
    • Expectations 
    • Identify vulnerable people 
    • Identity, Beliefs, Values, Feelings 
  • What does the meso perspective inter- disciplinary local care consider?

    • Organisational integration 
    • Professional integration 
    • Inter - disciplinary network 
      • co location 
    • Interprofessional collaboration and training 
    • Community support network 
    • Non- governmental associations 

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