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Summary: Taal In Uitvoering

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Read the summary and the most important questions on Taal in Uitvoering

  • "Introductie"

    This is a preview. There are 21 more flashcards available for chapter 01/03/2017
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  • Understanding incoming messages (mental model)

    You need: lexicon (vocabulary), syntax, meaning and world knowledge. Participants may construct mental images, and add or remove information, depending on their experiences and expectations
  • Dimensions of the Language User Model

    1. Comprehension (meaning or thought) vs. production (speaking)
    2. Linguistics (structure) vs. Psychology (processes)
    3. Language vs. Thinking (conceptual systems --> makes mental model)
  • Language processing needs a number of components (LUM)

    1. Representation and rules (LTM)
    2. Processing competents and processes
    3. Working memory
    4. Cognitive control, attention, monitoring
  • Units of language processing (LUM)

    • Sublexical: letters/sounds, syllables - phonetics, phonology
    • Lexical: words - lexicology, morphology
    • Supralexical: phrases, sentences - syntax text / discourse 
  • Linguistics disciplines and representations on LTM (small to big)

    • Phonetics: raw speechs sounds
    • Phonology: abstract son categories
    • Morphology: word structure
    • Syntax: sentence structure, word order
    • Semantics: meaning
    • Pragmatics: intended meaning
  • Three prominent theoretical approaches in linguistics and psycholinguistics

    1. Behaviorist (Skinner): Utterances (uitingen) conceived as behavioristics Stimulus-Respones chains (S->R/S->R/S->...)
    2. Information Theory (Shannon): Utterances as states with transitional probabilities (the driver stepped into his a. car b. van c. trousers)
    3. Linguistics (Chomsky): Utterances seems as hierarchical structures ([[The angry farmer] [hit [the barking dog]]])
  • Modularity - types of components in LUM

    • Transducers: change physical input into activation of nerve cells
    • Input systems: change information from the transducers into symbolic representations
    • Central system: the cognitive system processes symbolic representations and decides what has been received
  • Modularity - the modular components

    • Domain specific: processes one type of input and delivers one type of input
    • Informationally encapsulated: processing is autonomous, only affected by the input of earlier operation modules
    • Automatic: therefore fast and mandatory (following fixed paths) but with only little control
    • Coherence with neural structures: function implemented in a specific brain area, characteristic problem in case of damage and break-down, characteristic rate of development
  • Three basic assumptions on a modern view on language

    1. Humans represent outer reality in mental models
    2. Language is perceived, processed, and produced by a physical and biological being through bodily senses
    3. Language is used by a social begin in a particular context
  • Auditory Word Recognition

    This is a preview. There are 35 more flashcards available for chapter 02/03/2017
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  • Vibration of vocal chords

    • Voiced: b, v, z, d
    • (initially) voiceless: p, f, s, t 

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