Romanticism and Realism - Realism - Literature

3 important questions on Romanticism and Realism - Realism - Literature

Who was Gustave Flaubert?

  • Gustave Flaubert (1821-1880) was a French Realist novelist.
  • When writing a novel he proceeded like the modern scientist.
    • In every sentence he sought to find what he called "le mot juste" (exactly the right word needed to describe the situation (Very realistic)).
    • This working method caused Flaubert to work for years on one novel.
  • His most famous work is Madame Bovary (1857), about a women who seeks to reinvent her life in the manner of the romantic novels she reads so voraciously.

The French writer Emile Zola was a French naturalist.
What does this mean?

French naturalists are Realist writers who emphasized the influence of heredity and environment in determening the fate of their characters.

Who was Emile Zola?

  • Emile Zola (1840-1902) was a French naturalist writer.
  • He saw society as a laboratory and people as data for his study of the ways in which humans were determined.
  • He used naturalistic techniques to reflect his fatalistic vision of the world.
  • His most famous works are Germinal, about French miners and Nana, about the life of a prostitute.

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