Baroque Age - Baroque Outside Italy - Painting in Holland

6 important questions on Baroque Age - Baroque Outside Italy - Painting in Holland

Baroque art thrived in Holland. What were the reasons for this?

  • Holland had disengaged from Spain and Catholic Faith and formed the new Dutch Republic, which thrived in trade.
  • Amsterdam became the maritime center and commercial capital of Europe in the 17th century which made the Dutch very wealthy.
  • This wealth saw merchants and tradespeople starting to collect art, apart from religious and political leaders.

Who was Frans Hals?

Frans Hals (1580-1666) was a Dutch portraitist who broke with the paint fashion of the time by using a spontaneity of technique that matched the liveliness of his subject.

Who was Judith Leyster?

  • Judith Leyster (1609-1660), was the most important follower of Frans Hals (some of her paintings were long thought to be by Hals).
  • Influenced by Caravaggio in the usage of tenebrism.
  • Depicted animated scenes from daily life (like Hals).
  • Casual brushwork and composition create an impression of relaxed ease (like Hals).
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Who was Rembrandt van Rijn

  • Rembrandt (1606-69)was the most important painter of his time in Holland.
  • He took Caravaggio's use of light to a next level, by having it create atmosphere, unify the composition, links the figures, highlight expressive features and subordinates unimportant details.
  • Made a lot of self portraits where he always presented himself as who he was.
  • Famous for making the Nights Watch.

Who was Johannes Vermeer?

  • Johannes Vermeer (1632-1675) was a Dutch painter, who specialized in domestic scenes that document everyday life.
  • Like Rembrandt, he was fascinated by light. Only Vermeer's light is scientific and reveals every textual nuance.

Who was Rachel Ruysch?

  • Rachel Ruysch (1664-1750) was a Dutch painter whose fame derives from the many still lifes of flowers she made.
  • Her paintings were scientifically accurate and very detailed.

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