Romanticism and Realism - Romanticism - The July Monarchy

4 important questions on Romanticism and Realism - Romanticism - The July Monarchy

What is the July Monarchy?

The July Monarchy was an uprising in july 1830 in France, where the rule of Charles X came to an end, and his nephew Louis-Philippe was named King of France.

Who was Eugene Delacroix?

  • Eugene Delacroix (1798-1863) was a French Romantic painter.
  • Good friend of Théodore Géricault.
  • Believed that art could serve as an effective social and political tool.
  • Made The Twenty-Eight of July: Liberty Leading the People, about the July Monarchy, for which he, at the time, as widely criticized.

What do you know about Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres.

  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres (1780-1867) was a French painter.
  • As head of the French Academy, he opposed all Romantics of his day.
  • Favoured line over all.
  • Although he said to oppose Romantic art, his own works have a lot in common with Romantic art.
    • Choice of exotic subjects.
    • Bodies that are out of proportions.
  • Although it shows similarities with Romantic art, the works of Ingres seem positively tame compared with Romantic artists (such as Delacroix).
  • Was shocked when Neoclassical painters found his work unclassical.
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Who was J.M.W. Turner?

  • J.M.W. Turner (1775-1851) was England's leading Romantic painter, opposing the Academy's classicism.
  • His distortion of the subject and interest in nature and light would pave the way to Impressionism.
    • This radical style was dubbed the "over-Turner".
  • Famous for his Slave Ship, that is about a slaver who throws ill slaves overboard, because he is only insured against slaves who drowned, not against ill slaves.

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