Baroque Age - Baroque Outside Italy - The Science of Observation

4 important questions on Baroque Age - Baroque Outside Italy - The Science of Observation

Why had the Baroque age a vast array of scientific discoveries and inventions.

Francis Bacon developed a scientific method on the basis of observation. When this was applied, the scientific discoveries followed.

Who was Anton van Leeuwenhoek?

  • Anton van Leeuwenhoek (1632-1723) was a Dutch man who invented microscopes.
  • He was the first person to see protozoa, bacteria and to describe the red blood cell.

Who was Johannes Kepler?

  • Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) was the first to describe the eye as an optical instrument with a lens used for focussing.
  • Only interested in the fact of vision, not its metaphysical meaning.
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Who was Galileo Galilei?

  • Galileo Galilei (1564-1642) developed the telescope.
  • He theorized that light takes time to get from one place to another, an important advance in physics.
  • Confirmed Copernicus's theory that the earth orbited the sun.
  • Church did not accept his idea.
    • First he was prohibitted from teaching his ideas.
    • When an old friend became pope Galileo tried again and now was sentenced to prison. By intervention of his friends he was banished to a villa outside Florence.

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