The Policy Cycle - Introduction

3 important questions on The Policy Cycle - Introduction

What are the steps of the policy cycle?

  1. Agenda-setting (societal problems that become political accepted)
  2. Formulation (develop alternatives to solve the problem)
  3. Proposals (alternatives proposed in policy-making-stage)
  4. Adoption of a new policy
  5. Implementation (policy put into practice: operationalization/delivery)
  6. Output (produced by implementer meant to intervene)
  7. (non-) compliance (nastreving van society)
  8. Outcome (effect of output (=output+compliance))
  9. Assessment (evaluation effects by public/policy actor)
  10. New agenda setting OR adaptation/replacement/termination of policy

Why has the stage model a heuristic function?

Since the stages of the policy cycle are no description of reality, it can function as a starting point for public problems. (this enables a person to discover or learn something for themselves)

What is the function of the science advisor during the stage of agenda-setting, formulation and implementation?

  • Agenda: define problem and assemble arguments to put the problem on the policy agenda
  • Formulation: problem structuring (causes and effects), policy design (design alternative solutions), evaluate alternatives, forecast effects, advice the preferred policy, design implementation plan, write report)
  • Implementation: monitoring of implementation process, ex-post evaluation (assessment)

The question on the page originate from the summary of the following study material:

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