Summary: Introduction To Policy

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  • 1 Introduction

  • 1.2 Policy Cycle

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  • What is the function of a policy cycle?

    Many actors are involved in
    • Selection and structuring collective problems
    • Design and adoption of alternative solutions (policies)
    • Eventually tackling of the problem by implementing the adopted alternative 
  • In which context does the policy cycle take place?

    • Political
    • Economic
    • Social
    • Technological
    • Legal
  • What is the central idea of policy analysis?

    Policies are designed, adopted, implemented, evaluated and eventually terminated or followed up by changed policies, in a policy cycle
  • 1.3 Governance and Multi-level Approach

  • What is decision-making as multi-level governance?

    Decision-making is seen as a process in which supranational, national, regional and local governments work together in dynamic multi-actor networks
  • In which 2 parts can multi-level governance be distinguished?

    • Vertical dimensions (high and lower levels of government)
    • Horizontal dimensions (co-operation at the 'same' level)
  • What is Multilevel perspective (MLP)?

    An appropriate analysis should include the role of other actors in governance to be able to understand the dynamics of multi-actor network (instead of the government only as in multi-level governance)
  • What is the dutch translation of governance

  • What is the dutch translation of government?

  • What are the 3 levels of policy?

    1. Micro: ideas are invented or nurtured
    2. Meso: the original idea for a new policy should be linked to the outside world
    3. Macro: international policy institutions, international markets, dominant cultural values
  • 2 Policy and Science Advising

  • 2.1 Introduction

  • Why do scientist express their opinion publicly in order to influence society and policy?

    • Fight governmental restrictions regarding science (stem cells, cloning)
    • Obtain funding
    • Influence the agenda
    • Change the viewpoints of policymakers

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