Policy and Science Advising - Roles of science in policy, general

8 important questions on Policy and Science Advising - Roles of science in policy, general

Where upon depends the relationship between science and governance?

  • Role science are able and willing to play
  • Stage of decision-making
  • Nature of the problem

Why are scientist successfull in convincing policymakers to apply their insights?

  • Facts and theories
  • Network strategy (creation of network around their ideas and practices)

What kind of scientists are very powerful in modern society?

  • Engineers
  • Medical specialists
  • Higher grades + faster learning
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  • 100% sure, 100% understanding
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Name some examples where science is controlled by policymakers

  • Religion influences science
  • Soviet on genetics
  • Apollo programme
  • Humane genome project
  • Government stimulates research in energy, food and entertainment

What is the reason for interaction between science and policy?

  • Scientists emphasize that science is not always able to deliver quick answers to complex societal problems
  • Policymakers emphasize that science is just one of the approaches and that decision-making requires the involvement of all parties and perspectives, and that subjective choices are allowed

What are examples of discussions wherein science and policy both participate?

  • Nuclear energy
  • GMO
  • Climate change

What is a hybrid?

An in-between institution (both scientific and political)
  • RIVM
  • Health council
  • Water management authorities

What is socially robust science?

Science that will be accepted by politicians, stakeholders and citizens as appropriate for the framing and/or solution of a certain societal problem

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