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Summary: Bioethics

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  • Chapter 1 - Introduction to Bioethics.

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  • Describe a problem for Bioethics:

    A demand of legislation supporting certain ethical values.
  • Describe individual ethics:

    Each person has his/her sense of right and wrong in his/her conscience. This definition produces ethical demands. These ethical demands are translated in norms on how to behave. The person itself judges his/her behaviours and punishes through remorse and regrets.
  • Descrbie religious or philosophical ethical systems:

    Ethical systems, shared by a certain number of people, accepted on a voluntary basis, and judges by their consciences.
  • Describe social ethics:

    Ethical norms, shared by a certain social group, binding for a certain society in a determined historical moment.
  • Describe the different perspectives between ethics and law:

    • Ethics is a personal dimension. 
    • Law is a social dimension. 
  • Connections between law and ethics. Legalization of the ethics:

    Imposition of certain ethical values through the law. 

    • The law has to reflect the essential ethical values shared by a certain society. 
    • The law has to propose certain general norms of behaviour but without imposing ethical values to the people. 
    • Moral limits not to be overcome by decisions adopted by the majority. 
    • Personal freedom within the Rule of Law. 
  • Chapter 2 - Bioethics, ethical pluralism, cultural diversity and gender.

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  • What is described here: To achieve a minimum consensus to discuss the people's conflicts with different ethical positions.  

    Bioethics.
  • Anglosaxon Bioethics Beauchamp and Childress principles:

    • Autonomy. 
    • Non-maleficence. 
    • Beneficence. 
    • Justice.
  • Describe French Bioethics:

    Solidarity with the vulnerable, justice and human dignity.
  • Describe Nordic Bioethics:

    Focus on social provision and community cohesion.
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