The Growing Environment and Grape Growing - Grape varieties - Black grapes

3 important questions on The Growing Environment and Grape Growing - Grape varieties - Black grapes

What are the main black varieties of Greece?

Agiorgitiko and Xinomavro

(ex) Where is Agiorgitiko cultivated, what are key characteristics and the style of wine produced?

  • St. George - Black variety of Greece, most planted black.
  • 3rd grape of Greece
  • Mainly in Peloponnese and esp. PDO Nemea
  • Ripe red fruit and jammy (when extra ripe), sweet spices
  • Popular with consumers
  • Versatile: wide range of wines;
    • light and fruity, early drinking
    • full bodied, age worthy
    • Rosé; high quality
    • Sweet wines

Where is Xinomavro cultivated, what are key characteristics and the style of wine produced?

  • Most prized indigenous black variety of Greece
  • All over northern Greece, most famous in Naoussa (northern Macedonia)
  • Likened to Nebbiolo; high acidity and tannins, more vegetal than fruity
  • Pale to garnet
  • Benefits from long bottle ageing; likes oak, can age for decades
  • Complex aromas; flowers, herbs, spices, leather, earthiness
  • Change to more accessible wines; lower acidity, more fruit, new oak
  • Blending with Merlot to soften the edges

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